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ocean heat content;heat capacity;climate change

2017: the Warmest Year on Record for Global Oceans[Jan 18, 2018]

2017 was the warmest year on record for global oceans according to an updated ocean analysis from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Owing to its large heat capacity, ocean accumulates the warming derived from human activities; indeed, more than 90% of Earth’s residual heat related to global warming is absorbed by the ocean.

material;superconduct;extreme pressure;high-entropy alloys;HEA;Earth;resistance;outer core

A Material that Superconducts Continuously Up to Extreme Pressures[Jan 18, 2018]

Scientists from the Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chemistry Department at Princeton University have discovered a metal alloy that can conduct electricity with zero resistance, or superconduct, from ambient pressure up to pressures similar to those that exist near the center of the Earth.

Genus Ganoderma;medicine;G. lingzhi;polysaccharides;mycelia;infrared spectroscopy;near-infrared (NIR) quantification model

Researchers Establish an Effective Analytical Quantification NIR-model for Polysaccharides in Mycelia Of Genus Ganoderma[Jan 17, 2018]

Recently, a research team led by Prof. HUANG Qing in Institute of Technical Biology & Agriculture Engineering, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science developed an effective approach combining mid-infrared (mid-IR) and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to realize quantitative assessment of the total polysaccharides in Ganoderma mycelia.

transcription;brain;dCas9;genetic elements;gene

An Improved CRISPR/dCas9 Activator to Simultaneously Activate Multiple Genetic Elements in Brain[Jan 17, 2018]

Conducted by researchers in Dr. YANG Hui's Lab at the Institute of Neuroscience and State Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Dr. HUANG Pengyu's lab at Shanghai Tech University, a recent study demonstrated that the transcription of multiple genes in the brain can be simultaneously activated using CRISPR–dCas9-activator transgenic mice.

dinosaur;Caihong juji;Jurassic Period

New Dinosaur Species with Colorful Feathers Discovered in China[Jan 17, 2018]

Researchers have discovered a new dinosaur species with iridescent and asymmetrical feathers in China, according to a study published in Nature Communications on Monday. Jointly published by scientists from China, the United States and Belgium, the findings were based on a fossil unearthed in the Manchu autonomous county of Qinglong, Hebei Province.

Ralstonia solanacearum;flagellum;immune receptor;Cold-Shock Protein;bacterial wilt disease;plant immune system;bacterial invasion;wilt disease

Ralstonia solanacearum csp22 Peptide Perceived by Plants from Solanaceae Family[Jan 22, 2018]

Ralstonia solanacearum is the causal agent of the bacterial wilt disease. Recently, Dr. Alberto Macho at the Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences uncovered that R. solanacearum has evolved to modify its flagellum to make it undetectable by immune receptors in plants from the Solanaceae family, which comprise economically important crops.

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