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hazard waste;waste;environmental pollution;biodegradation;bacterium

Turn Hazard Waste into Valuable Treasure by a "chemomimetic" Biocatalytic System[Jul 18, 2017]

A team of CAS researchers announced that they found a novel cresol biodegradation pathway in bacterium. This pathway could serve not only in biological degradation of environmentally hazardous compounds, but also in bioactive ingredients of Chinese medicine plants.

S-AFMs;LCMO;CRTO;antiferromagnat;AFM;ferromagnetic layer

Scientists Make a Breakthrough in "Dead Layer" of Antiferromagnet[Jul 18, 2017]

S-AFMs with correlated oxides has been challenging partially because of the markedly degraded ferromagnetism of the magnetic layer at nanoscale thicknesses. And this "dead layer" effect can be one of the major obstacles to the development of all-oxide S-AFMs. Prof. WU Wenbin's group from University of Science and Technology of China of Chinese Academy of Sciences made a breakthrough to solve the "dead layer" effect problem.

planthopper;rice stripe virus;rice;wheat;cotton;crop;insect

Scientists Unlock Planthoppers' Potential to Control Future Crop Disease Outbreaks[Jul 18, 2017]

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Zoology have discovered how a severe rice virus reproduces inside the small brown planthopper, a major carrier of the virus. Rice stripe virus (RSV) causes major damage to rice crops each year. The study could inform future strategies for controlling the spread of this and other viruses that can lead to devastating effects on rice, wheat, cotton and other crops.

synthetic lattice;all-optical devices;quantum optics;orbital angular momentum;OAM

Synthetic-lattice Enables All-optical Devices[Jul 19, 2017]

In a new study published in Nature Communications, a brand-new design route of all-optical devices based on synthetic lattices was reported by GUO Guangcan's team at University of Science and Technology of China of Chinese Academy of Sciences. This innovative design approach allows the realization of all-optical devices such as quantum memories and optical filters using a single main degenerate cavity.

nitrogen and carbon metabolic pathway;lipid metabolism;Chlorella;metabolic pathway

Contributions of Nitrogen and Carbon Metabolic Pathways to Lipid Metabolism Clarified in Lipid Producing Microalgae[Jul 18, 2017]

The Research Group of Algal Biochemistry at Institute of Hydrobiology (IHB) of Chinese Academy of Sciences has expounded the metabolic changes in lipid producing microalgae Chlorella based on the analysis of metabolomics data, and revealed that nitrogen and carbon metabolic pathways contributed to lipid metabolism.

buried pipes; fluid-borne wave; elastic waves; ground surface vibration

Measurements of Ground Surface Vibrations Can Locate Buried Pipelines[Jul 18, 2017]

Researcher GAO Yan from the Institute of Acoustics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences together with researchers from China and the UK present a novel method for locating buried pipes using measurements of ground surface vibrations.


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