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organ size;molecular mechanism;STERILE APETALA;Arabidopsis thaliana

Researchers Discover Key Molecular Mechanisms in Organ Size Control[Feb 26, 2018]

Researchers from LI Yunhai's group from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), collaborating with scientists in Ghent University, revealed that STERILE APETALA modulates the stability of a repressor protein complex to control organ size in Arabidopsis thaliana.

monocyte/macrophage;mTOR;innate immunity;blood;tissue

mTOR Masters Monocyte/macrophage Development[Feb 26, 2018]

Recently, Prof. ZHAO Yong's group from State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, together with Prof. SHI Bingyi from 309 Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army and Prof. Lianfeng Zhang from Institute of Laboratory Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, has identified the molecular mechanism responsible for the development of monocyte/macrophage at the early stage.

nitrogen use;yield;flowering;rice

Breeding of High-yield and Early-maturation Rice Could Be Achieved[Feb 24, 2018]

Recent work published in the Plant Cell from Prof. CHU Chengcai's laboratory in Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences reported a rice nitrate transporter (NRT1.1A) that may provide a solution to the nitrogen use/flowering problem.

nitrogen use;yield;flowering;rice

New Approach to Improve Nitrogen Use, Enhance Yield, and Promote Flowering in Rice[Feb 24, 2018]

To improve yield and flowering time, scientists made rice lines that produced extra OsNRT1.1A. The OsNRT1.1A-overexpressing plants grew taller, were greener, and produced more biomass, compared with regular rice grown on the same amount of nitrogen.

leaf area index;clumping index;broadleaf crop

Researchers Reveal Relationship Between Canopy Leaf Area Index and Clumping Index over Broadleaf Crops[Feb 24, 2018]

Using an automatic instrument and two smartphone applications, a research team led by Prof. FANG Hongliang from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research carried out a seasonal LAI and CI measurements over maize, soybean, and sorghum fields in northeast China in 2016.

land plants;evolution;time scale;Cambrian period

Study: Land Plants First Appeared about 500 Million Years ago[Feb 24, 2018]

The researchers reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America that land plants first appeared about 500 million years ago, during the Cambrian period (occurring from 570 million to 500 million years ago), when the development of multicellular animal species took off.

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