Electron-trapping materials (ETMs) with persistent luminescence (PersL) or photostimulated luminescence (PSL) hold great promise for versatile applications, owing to their distinctive characteristics of energy harvesting and controllable release.
However, available ETMs are generally restricted to a single mode of PersL or PSL, which impedes their applications like high-resolution imaging, wide-range detection, and multiple information encryption.
In a study published in Matter, the research group led by Prof. CHEN Xueyuan from Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter of the Chinese Academy of Sciences proposed a unique strategy for the X-ray-activated multicolor PersL and PSL phosphors based on lanthanide (Ln3+)-doped Cs2NaGdF6, achieving for the first time both multicolor (311-1536 nm) PersL of more than one week and tunable PSL with a broad response from ultraviolet to near-infrared light.
Through thermoluminescence curves and density functional theory calculations, the researchers demonstrated that fluorine vacancies acted as electron traps whose density and depth can be tuned via Ln3+ dopants.
In addition, they revealed the trap-induced PersL and PSL mechanism of different dopants according to the calculated vacuum referred binding energy (VRBE) diagram of Ln3+ in Cs2NaGdF6.
Flexible composite films comprised of Cs2NaGdF6:Ln3+ phosphors and polydimethylsiloxane were designed to showcase their outstanding multifunctional anti-counterfeiting applications.
This study provides fundamental insights into exploring multicolor PersL and PSL materials, which accelerates the exploitation of their versatile applications for complex anti-counterfeiting and information storage.
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