PAN Jianwei, a renowned Chinese physicist and professor at the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) won the 2019 R. W. Wood Prize presented by the Optical Society of America (OSA). It is the first time that a Chinese scientist has won the prize with a local research project since the award was established in 1975.
Researchers from Shenyang Institute of Automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a German company SAP jointly developed an intelligent manufacturing solution to satisfy the demands of customization. It is expected to be applied in the manufacturing of automobiles, elevators and smartphones.
Chinese scientists designed a process that could convert plant scraps from agriculture and timber harvesting into quality jet fuel, which may help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from airplanes and rockets. The study showed that a cheap, renewable and abundant polymer in the plant's cell walls can produce high-density aviation fuel.
Chinese scientists have carried out trial growing of high-quality crops in Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Sudan, and have selected three hybrid rice varieties suitable for Kenya, according to Wang Qingfeng, head of the Sino-Africa Joint Research Center (SAJRC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Fish fossils, dating back about 425 million years ago, are providing insights into the evolution of scales on bony fishes. Researchers at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology have studied the morphology and squamation of scales on five fossils of a kind of ancient fish named Guiyu oneiros, or "dreamlike ghost fish."
In recent years, Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a type of RNAs beyond the textbook classics, are of huge interest to many molecular biologists. Chinese researchers have built an open database on Circular RNAs, laying the groundwork for studies on the novel class of RNAs with important biological implications.
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