Model-simulated factors of importance can fill the gaps in surface observation-based estimates of fine-particulate-matter concentrations, providing a data basis for the long-term analysis of meteorological parameters, such as planetary boundary layer height (PBLH) and relative humidity (RH) at the national scale.
Dr. SI Yidan and Associate Professor LI Shenshen from the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (RADI) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences used ground-observed data to validate the GEOS-5-assimilated PBLH and RH released by NASA's Global Modeling and Assimilation Office.
They found that the simulated RH was consistent with the statistical data from meteorological stations, while the simulated PBLH was underestimated compared to LIDAR data by a factor of approximately two.
They further examined the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of two factors in four regions - North China, South China, Northwest China, and the Tibetan Plateau.
"The annual PBLH trends in all regions were fairly moderate but sensitive to solar radiation and precipitation, which explains why the PBLH values were ranked in order from largest to smallest as follows: Tibetan Plateau, Northwest China, North China, and South China. There was a strong seasonal variation of PBLH, with high values in summer and low values in winter, which was also consistent with the turbulent vertical exchange," Dr. SI Yidan explains.
"Not surprisingly, the highest RH was in South China and the lowest RH in desert areas of Northwest China (less than 30%). Seasonally, South China exhibited little variation, whereas Northwest China exhibited its highest humidity in winter and lowest humidity in spring. The maximum values in other regions were obtained from July to September," SI adds.
Associate Professor LI Shenshen further explains that these two factors are also important for estimating near-surface particulate matter concentrations, filling the gaps left by the lack of extensive ground observations by virtue of the simulations of chemical transport models.
Their findings were published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences.
The PBLH and RH play an important role in simulated atmospheric situation. (Image by RADI)
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