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top achievements;Tibetan Plateau;quantum communication;FAST;three-component fermions in the topological semimetal molybdenum phosphide

Top Achievements Propel CAS in 2017[Feb 05, 2018]

We present a wrap-up of CAS's 12 most impressive achievements of 2017, ranging from the Tibetan Plateau to the depths of the sea and earth as well as outer space. We connect the continents via quantum communication, discovered pulsars using the world's biggest radio telescope, transformed coal into ethanol, and observed three-component fermions in the topological semimetal molybdenum phosphide. CAS's outstanding achievements reflect its firm position on the leading edge of world science.

primate clone;somatic cell nuclear transfer;primate biology;clone;monkey

Meet Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua, the First Monkey Clones Produced by Method that Made Dolly[Jan 25, 2018]

The first primate clones made by somatic cell nuclear transfer are two genetically tailed macaques born recently at the Institute of Neuroscience of Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai. Researchers named the newborns Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua, which means Chinese nation or people. The technical milestone, makes it a realistic possibility for labs to conduct research with customizable populations of genetically uniform monkeys.

quantum communication;Micius;quantum communication satellite

Real-world Intercontinental Quantum Communications Enabled by Micius Satellite[Jan 20, 2018]

A joint China-Austria team has performed quantum key distribution between multiple ground stations located in Xinglong, Nanshan, and Graz. Such experiments demonstrate the secure satellite-to-ground exchange of cryptographic keys with ~kHz rate during the passage of the satellite Micius over a ground station. Using Micius as a trusted relay, a secret key is created between China and Europe at locations separated up to 7600 km on the Earth.

DAMPE;Wukong;dark matter;cosmic ray electron flux;cosmic ray

First Finding of China's DAMPE May Shed Light on Dark Matter Research[Nov 30, 2017]

The DArk Matter Particle Explorer mission presented the precise measurement of cosmic ray electron flux, especially a spectral break at ~0.9 TeV. The data may shed light on the annihilation or decay of particle dark matter.

dark energy;cosmic expansion;galaxy;baryon acoustic oscillations;galaxy formation;low-alpha abundance stars

Chinese Scientists Measure Universe with "magic ruler"[Oct 31, 2017]

There's a giant "ruler" hidden among millions of galaxies in the universe. With it, scientists can measure how fast the universe is expanding. This will help them explore dark energy, the mysterious power behind cosmic expansion, and so speculate on the universe's destiny. With this ruler, Chinese astronomers recently succeeded in reconstructing the evolution history of dark energy based on the observation of over a million galaxies. The research shows that dark energy is dynamic.

FAST;Five hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope;pulsar

Two New Pulsars Discovered using FAST - World’s Largest Single Dish Radio Telescope[Oct 10, 2017]

Chinese scientists announced their first discoveries of two new pulsars in the Southern Galactic plane, with the Five hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST), world’s largest single dish radio telescope, on Oct. 10 in Beijing.


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