Sci-Tech Cooperation Key for BRI Partners
Several obstacles to be overcome if full benefit to be realized from exchanges
China's scientific community will expand cooperation with countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative in the name of high-quality development and improving livelihoods, experts said during the second annual meeting of the Forum on High Quality Development of the Belt and Road Initiative on Sunday.
They added that climate change, environmental protection, clean energy, the digital economy, public health, the transfer of technology and professional training are some areas in which BRI countries can benefit from more robust international cooperation.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the proposal of the Belt and Road Initiative. Since then, China has signed 200 BRI collaboration agreements with 151 countries and 32 international organizations, according to Bai Chunli, president of the Alliance of International Science Organizations, a nonprofit, nongovernmental science organization to promote shared, sustainable development among BRI countries.
Bai said the initiative had led to closer economic ties between China and BRI signatories. For example, the China-Europe railway connects Chinese cities to Poland, Germany and other European countries, and 16,000 freight trains operated in both directions last year.
"The Belt and Road Initiative has achieved remarkable success. Never in history has any initiative proposed by a developing country garnered this level of popularity and influence," Bai said.
Science and technology can play crucial roles in facilitating the development of the Belt and Road Initiative by offering new solutions to shared issues such as public health and climate change, he added.
Since 2016, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Education, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China have issued dedicated guidelines and action plans to promote scientific and technological cooperation among BRI countries in areas ranging from agricultural innovation to university education.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences has established 10 overseas science and education centers, launched more than 100 research collaboration projects with BRI countries, and trained nearly 5,000 high-level scientists, Bai said.
However, Bai said science cooperation with BRI countries currently faces four main obstacles: optimizing top-level design and cooperation mechanisms, overcoming external disturbances such as conflicts, the social and economic gap among BRI nations, and the lack of professionals and funding to deepen cooperation.
To overcome these issues, future BRI sci-tech cooperation should focus on bolstering innovation capability, building people-to-people relations, sharing data and technology for mutual benefit, and creating clear policies to support prioritized fields.
Ning Jizhe, deputy director of the Committee on Economic Affairs of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said the Belt and Road Initiative benefits China and the world by supporting economic globalization and free trade.
Justin Yifu Lin, dean of the Institute of New Structural Economics at Peking University, said future collaboration could focus on strengthening existing comparative advantages and turning them into global competitive advantages.
Yu Hongjun, former deputy head of the International Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, said the goals of the Belt and Road Initiative are to increase interconnectivity among developing countries by building new infrastructure, enhancing cooperation in trade and commerce, and deepening cultural exchange and mutual trust.
"These actions seek to achieve mutual development, prosperity, progress and security," he said. (China Daily)