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crop yield;ESCS;winter;temperature;prediction

Scientists Reveal Spring Cold Spells That Reduce Crop Yields[Nov 02, 2018]

Scientists from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics revealed that when extreme spring cold spells happens over North China, continuous negative temperature anomalies could have disastrous effects on the wheat yield, inducing yield losses of up to 20% or more.

pictet–Spengler reaction;organic chemistry;spiroindolenine;reaction mechanism;drug discovery

SIOC Scientists Upgrade The Mechanism Of Pictet–Spengler Reactions[Nov 01, 2018]

In a new study, scientists from the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry (SIOC) have provided unified mechanistic understanding on Pictet–Spengler reactions. The researchers performed theoretical investigations on two prototype models with combined density functional theory calculations and direct molecular dynamics simulations. They disclosed two types of "limiting reaction mechanisms" of Pictet–Spengler reactions.

Jatropha;miR172;xylem development;reproductive;Arabidopsis

miR172 Plays a Role in Regulating Xylem Development in both Arabidopsis and Jatropha[Nov 01, 2018]

Prof. XU Zengfu and his team of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden analyzed the expression profiles of Jatropha miR172 (JcmiR172). They characterized the function of JcmiR172a in leaf morphology, flowering induction, floral organ specification, and fruit and seed morphologies using transgenic Arabidopsis and Jatropha.

high-elevation adaption;HEA;Nanorana;Phrynocephalus;Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

Researchers Decipher Dynamic Evolutionary Patterns of High-elevation Adaptation[Nov 01, 2018]

Recently, a team of scientists from the Kunming Institute of Zoology compared four frogs (three species of Nanorana and a close lowland relative) and four lizards (Phrynocephalus) that inhabit a range of elevations on or along the slopes of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and examined the gradual accumulation of high-elevation adaptation (HEA) at increasing elevations.

nanoagent;quantum dot;chemodrug;anti-tumor;cell sensitization

New Intelligent Quantum Dot Assemblies Contribute to Efficient Tumor Environment-responsive Drug Delivery[Nov 01, 2018]

Recently, researchers from Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter and Fuzhou University reported for the first time the engineering of an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-activatable nanoagent based on self-assembled quantum dots (QDs)-phenolic nanoclusters.

palygorskite;amino silicon oil;nanocomposite;blumeria graminis

Protective Clothing Helps Wheat to Fight Powdery Mildew Disease[Nov 01, 2018]

Chinese scientists dressed wheat protective clothing to keep the plant away from powdery mildew disease by using a high-performance nanocomposite. To fight the destructive "killer", two methods have been generally used. One is the fungicides and the other is to plant disease-resistant cultivars.

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