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paddy soils;13C continuous labelling;carbon stabilisation;root exudation;rhizodeposition;recent assimilates

Water Management and Fertilization Effects on Rice Rhizodeposition and Carbon Stabilization in Paddy Soils[Apr 17, 2017]

The research group from the Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ISA), therefore, investigated how water management (continuous vs. alternating flooding-drying) and N fertilisation interact to affect the partitioning and stabilisation of newly plant-derived C in the rice-soil system.

myofibers;obesity;signalling pathways;type 2 diabetes

Scientists Find Targeting Myofibers in the Treatment of Obesity and Diabetes[Apr 10, 2017]

Mammalian skeletal muscles are composed of two major fiber-types (I and II) that differ in terms of size, metabolism, and contractile properties. In general, slow-twitch type I fibers are rich in mitochondria and have a greater insulin sensitivity than fast-twitch type II skeletal muscles. Although not widely appreciated, a forced induction of the slow skeletal muscle phenotype may inhibit the progress of obesity and diabetes (Figure 1). This potentially forms the basis for targeting slow/oxidative myofibers in the treatment of obesity. In this context, a better understanding of the molecular basis of fiber-type specification and plasticity may help to identify potential therapeutic targets and hence improve human health and fitness. Intriguingly, in contrast to the salutary effects of slow-twitch muscle fibers described above, several studies report that increased mass and function of glycolytic muscle fibers have beneficial effect on obesity and T2DM (Figure 2).

lidar;air quality;industrialization

AIOFM's Rapid Online Monitoring LIDAR System Steps into Its Industrialization[Apr 17, 2017]

With support from special project of national major scientific apparatus "R&D and Application of LIDAR System for Spatial-Temporal Detection of Atmospheric Fine Particle and Ozone", Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (AIOFM), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science announced they have successfully developed a rapid online LIDAR system for spatial-temporal detection of atmospheric fine particle and ozone.

gut microbiota;gibel carp;high-throughput sequencing;gut microbial community

Composition of Gut Microbiota in the Gibel Carp Varies with Host Development[Apr 17, 2017]

By using the high through-put sequencing approaches, scientists from the Research Group of Taxonomy and Ecology of Protozoa at Institute of Hydrobiology of Chinese Academy of Sciences studied the temporal variations of gut microbial community of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio), one of the key freshwater aquaculture fish species in China.

desert riparian vegetation;arid region;drought resistance;water uptake;vegetation

Desert Riparian Vegetation's Secret to Drought Resistance[Apr 17, 2017]

Desert riparian vegetation has played a leading role in the ecosystem of arid regions with its special water use strategy evolved to adapt to the environment of inland river basin in arid region. Scientists at the Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography (XIEG) of Chinese Academy of Sciences unlocked the secret behind the water use processes of desert riparian vegetation, which may shed light on the restoration of ecosystem in arid regions.

PLDa1;seed;desiccation-tolerant;seed desiccation stress;

Scientists Made Progress in Seed Biology Research[Apr 16, 2017]

By profiling membrane lipids of seeds in eight species (representing around nearly 20% of orders represented in the Core Eudicots) with varying levels of desiccation tolerance, Dr. CHEN Hongying and Prof. LI Weiqi from Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science (KIB/CAS) together with Prof. Hugh Pritchard from Royal Botanic Gardens Kew found a close association between reducing seed viability and increasing phosphatidic acid (PA).


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