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ethanol;coal;energy

World’s First Plant for Ethanol Production From Coal Successfully Put Into Operation[Mar 17, 2017]

World's first plant for ethanol production from coal was built in China and has been in operation stably for over two months, the Chinese Academy of Sciences said on March 17th. The plant launched by Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics and Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Group, put into production in January with capacity of 100,000 metric tons of anhydrous ethanol per year.

land-use;soil organic carbon;organic carbon

Researchers: Land-use Influences Both Topsoil and Subsoil Organic Carbon Distribution[Mar 17, 2017]

As the largest organic carbon (C) pool in earth’s biosphere, soils play a key role in global carbon cycle. Soil carbon is present in two forms: inorganic and organic. Soil inorganic carbon consists of mineral forms of C. Soil organic carbon (SOC) is present as soil organic matter. SOC provides plants with substrate and energy, and is therefore significant to secure the food production for both human kind and animals. It also helps to protect the biodiversity of ecological environment, and thus maintains the soil quality and normal function of the ecosystem.

swarm intelligence;integrated circuit print;printing;microprocessor;thermodynamic equilibrium

New Discovery: Printed Integrated Circuits by Swarm Intelligence Inspiration[Mar 17, 2017]

A rule of thumb that has come to dominate computing, Moore's law states that the number of transistors on a microprocessor chip will double every two years or so. Meanwhile, the doubling has already started to falter, due to electromagnetic interference and heat problems that are unavoidably generated when more and more circuitry is jammed into the same small area.

Manganese (Mn);toxicity;Arabidopsis;auxin;root growth

Manganese Toxicity Affects Root Growth by Mediating Auxin Distribution in Arabidopsis[Mar 17, 2017]

Prof. XU Jin and his team from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences conducted a study to investigate the role of auxin in Mn-mediated inhibition of primary root (PR) growth in Arabidopsis using physiological and genetic approaches. They characterized Mn-inhibited root growth and described altered patterns of auxin accumulation and distribution in the PR of Mn-treated roots.

Particulate matter (PM); surface acoustic wave; thermophoresis; deposition distribution; mass sensitivity

Particulate Thermophoresis Distribution Optimizes the Sensitivity of a SAW PM2.5 Monitor[Mar 17, 2017]

To increase the SAW based PM2.5 monitor's sensitivity, researchers from the Institute of Acoustics (IOA) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have recently proposed a method of regarding the particulate deposition distribution on the SAW detector surface.

Burmese amber;Cretaceous;Mushrooms;palaeodiversity

Intact Mushroom and Mycophagous Rove Beetle in Burmese Amber Leak Early Evolution of Mushrooms[Mar 16, 2017]

Recently, a research team led by Prof. HUANG Diying from Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology (NIGPAS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported a diversity of gilled mushrooms and mycophagous rove beetles from Burmese amber, the latter belonging to Oxyporinae, modern members of which exhibit an obligate association with soft-textured mushrooms. The results were published in Nature Communications on 16th March, 2017.

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