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trehalose;basal defense;Arabidopsis thaliana;metabolism;pathogens

Trehalose Affects A. thaliana Basal Defense Responses[Aug 15, 2018]

Trehalose is a natural sugar that is important for plant development and abiotic stress tolerance. It is an important metabolic signal that regulates gene expression and is associated with diverse processes in plants. Researchers from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden conducted a study to analyze the function of a class II TPS (trehalose 6-phospate synthase) and the role of trehalose metabolism in plant defense responses.

Bose-Einstein condensates;quantum;chiral supersolid;spin-orbit coupling

New Findings Help Understand Spin-orbit Coupling and Supersolid Phenomena[Aug 15, 2018]

A research group led by researcher ZHANG Shougang from the National Time Service Center investigated the ground-state quantum phases of Bose gases with spin-orbit coupling and soft-core long-range interactions. Their findings provide a new understanding of spin-orbit coupling and the supersolid phenomena, and opens up a new direction for the exploration and discovery of novel quantum states.

climate change;cotton bollworm;late spring cold

Climate Change Matters: Cotton Bollworm Rampant with Less Late Spring Cold Occurrences[Aug 14, 2018]

Climate change may favour destructive agricultural pest and bring harm to crops in temperate regions, a recent study by scientists from Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography showed. Using model simulations, XIEG researcher LIU Zhaozhi and his group explored the relationships between LSC parameters and moth population dynamics.

RNA;RNA interference;virus;tobacco mosaic virus

Study: RNA Interference by Tobacco Mosaic Virus[Aug 14, 2018]

RNA interference (RNAi) provides a promising strategy for treating hereditary disease, cancer, HIV-1 and so on. Recently, inspired by the high efficiency of viruses and the safety of non-viruses, a 1D rod-like gene delivery vector based on tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was reported by TIAN Ye and NIU Zhongwei's group from Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry.

superconductivity;compound;crystal structure;quasi-one-dimensional

Superconductivity Above 10 K in a Novel Quasi-one-dimensional Compound[Aug 14, 2018]

In the past century, superconductivity has been observed in thousands of substances with multifarious chemical compositions and crystal structures; however, researchers have still not found an explicit method for discovering new superconductors. For the unconventional high-Tc superconductors of cuprates and iron pnictides/chalcogenides, the occurrence of superconductivity is highly related to the existence of some certain quasi-two-dimensional structural motifs.

cold-water fish;global warming;thermal adaptation;conservation

Populations from Southern Region More Sensitive to Global Warming, a Cold-water Fish Case Study Shows[Aug 14, 2018]

Recently, researchers from Institute of Hydrobiology of Chinese Academy of Sciences investigated the regional differences in thermal adaptation of a cold-water fish Rhynchocypris oxycephalus, and found that populations from southern region are more sensitive to global warming.

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