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aerosol;lidar;air quality

AIOFM's Lidar Network Contributes to CCTV's Haze Forecast[Mar 30, 2017]

China's Jing-Jin-Ji area has suffered severe haze pollution these years. To aim at this national issue, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (AIOFM), Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, established Lidar network to provide spatial distribution of aerosols in this haze pollution episode.

Mantle Plume;basalts;Permian Basalts;CAOB;tectonics;oceanic subduction;rock;Boron;oceanic crust;andesite

Scientists Find Mantle Plume Responsible for Permian Basalts in East Tianshan[Mar 29, 2017]

Researchers from the Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, carried out a geochemical study on Carboniferous-Permian volcanics from Dananhu section, Tuha basin, southwestern CAOB. 40Ar/39Ar analyses for feldspar separates yield a Carboniferous age of 321.2±9.8 Ma for the andesites and a Permian age of 278.9±4.2 Ma for the basalts.

micro-Supercapacitors;graphene

Scientists Develop High-Power Micro-Supercapacitors Based on High-Density Vertically Aligned Graphene Arrays[Mar 29, 2017]

scientists WU Zhongshuai and BAO Xinhe et al at Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, collaborated with GUO Liwei et al from Institute of Physics of CAS, developed the unidirectional arrays of high-density vertically aligned graphene (VG), derived from thermally decomposed SiC substrate, for high-power MSCs. This work has been published online in ACS Nano

biodegradation;phytoremediation;polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons;PAHS;soil;polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons;degradation

Interactions of Plant Exudates and Mycobacteria Enhanced PAHs Removal from Polluted Soils[Mar 29, 2017]

Prof. GONG Zongqiang, Dr. GUO Meixia and colleagues in Soil Pollution Ecology Research Group from Institute of Applied Ecology (IAE) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences evaluated the bioavailability of PASHs in polluted soils in agricultural soil and area around manufactured gas plant (MGP) by chemical method and bioassay and analyzed the feasibility of the methods.

saiga;antelope;extinction;revival;species

New Study: Extinction and Revival of Saiga Antelope in China[Mar 28, 2017]

In a paper published in Scientific Reports in 2017, scientists from the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in cooperation with scientists from the Oxford University delineated the historical distribution and potential reintroduction areas of Saiga in China, using a literature review, interviews and predictive modelling. They found a total of 28 historical records, which covered the time period from the end of the 19th century to the 1950s.

mercury deposition from litterfall;forest soil mercury accumulation;mercury Isotopes;Tibetan Plateau

IGCAS Identifies Mercury Accumulation in Forest Soil of Tibetan Plateau, China[Mar 28, 2017]

FENG Xinbin's group at IGCAS investigated the isotope composition of Hg in leaf litter and in soil profiles, and aimed to identify the sources of Hg in leaf litter and the main inputs of atmospheric Hg to the TP forest floor. The researchers propose a new mechanism that water/temperature-limited plant primary productivity shapes Hg accumulation in the montane forest floor.

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