/   Home   /   Newsroom   /   Research News

Flow Units: Dynamic Defects in Metallic Glasses

Nov 08, 2018     Email"> PrintText Size

In a crystal, structural defects such as dislocations or twins are well defined and largely determine the mechanical and other properties. These defects can be easily identified as the broken long-range atomic order. However, the lack of a periodic microstructure makes the searching of similar structural defects a difficult task in amorphous materials. Recent studies found that amorphous materials are intrinsically spatially and temporally heterogeneous, which implies the possibility to identify the dynamic defect in a glass. Metallic glass (MG) with many unique properties is considered as a good model material for its relative simple structure. In the last few years, flow units as dynamic defects were observed and intensively studied in MG systems. A theoretical perspective of flow units was also developed, which not only successfully explains many important experimental phenomena, but also offers the guideline to optimize properties of glasses.

In a new review article published in the Beijing-based National Science Review, scientists at the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China present the latest advances in the study of flow units which behaves as dynamic defects in metallic glassy materials. Co-authors Zheng Wang and Wei-Hua Wang summarized the characteristics, activation and evolution processes of flow units as well as their correlation with mechanical properties including plasticity, strength, fracture, and dynamic relaxation.

These scientists likewise outline applications of this flow unit perspective and some challenges.

"We show that flow units that are similar to the structural defects such as dislocations, are crucial in the optimization and design of metallic glassy materials via the thermal, mechanical and high pressure tailoring of these units." they state.

"It took more than half a century to finally identify the dislocations in a crystals, which have a much simpler configuration compared to glass. "History doesn't repeat itself, but it often rhymes" said by Mark Twain. The discovery of dynamic defects in glasses has followed a similar track to the identification of dislocations in crystals, and now we at the precipice of final answers to a longstanding questions." (Eurekalert!)

These are schematic flow units in metallic glasses.CREDITS: Science China Press

(Editor: ZHANG Nannan)



Related Articles

metallic glass;wastewater;atomic structure

New 'Metallic Glass' Purifies Wastewater Quickly and Cheaply

Aug 18, 2017

A Chinese-Australian scientist from Edith Cowan University (ECU) in Western Australia has discovered a fast and cost-saving way to purify wastewater, according to a post on the university's website on Wednesday.

glass;flow;structural relaxation;dynamic decoupling

Scientists Reveal Multiple Channels of Relaxation in Glasses

Jun 05, 2017

Recently, LUO Peng et al. in Prof. WANG Weihua's group from Institute of Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences investigated the relaxation dynamics of various MGs by following the stress decay under constant strain and temperature on a dynamic mec...

management practice; soil;flow;soil property

Different Management Practices Influence Soil Water Infiltration Types

Oct 25, 2016

Researchers from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) and Shanxi University conducted a study in the Shi Zuitou county of Shanxi Province to assess the effect of different management practices on the water flow behavior of soil. They used an ...

Contact Us

Copyright © 2002 - Chinese Academy of Sciences