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Discovering the Role of Carboxyl Group in Carbon Nanomaterials Catalyzed Reactions

Apr 14, 2015     Email"> PrintText Size

Carbon nanomaterials feature high chemical compatibility. Surface functionalization endows these materials excellent catalytic activities in several reactions such as alkane activation, biomass conversion and electrochemical oxygen reduction. However, the functionalization could produce a wide variety of functionalities and it is difficult to quantify them. As a result, the structure-behavior  relationships in the carbon catalyzed reactions are not clear yet.

A cooperation of ZHANG Jian’s group and ZHANG Yajie’s group from Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences made a new progress in carbon catalyzed reaction mechanism. They found a pivotal role of carboxyl group on the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the catalytic reactions of electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and agar conversion to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF).

Scientists employed an environment-friendly ozone oxidation craft self-developed (Patent appl. No. CN201310686814.0) to functionalize a commercial CNTs by introducing some functionalities of carboxyl, phenol and lactone. These functionalities were quantified by using an automatic Boehm titrator self-developed (Computer software copyright No.2014SR030807).

The correlations between the catalytic behaviors and the functionalities distribution revealed that the ORR peak potential and the HMF yield were both in the linear relationship with the carboxyl density. The finding provides an important inspiration for the above two reactions, i.e. developing the functionalization with unique carboxyl group for carbon nanomaterials.

This work has been published on Nano Research (IF=6.963, DOI: 10.1007/s12274-014-0660-3), and was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation and the Research Fund from the Laboratory of Science and Technology on Surface Physics and Chemistry.

Linear relationship of ORR peak potential and of HMF yield with carboxyl density

Prof. ZHANG Jian; Dr. ZHANG Yexin
E-mail: jzhang@nimte.ac.cnzhangyexin@nimte.ac.cn
Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering
Research Group Url: http://english.nimte.cas.cn/rh/rd/newmaterials/Nanocarbon/nanmembers/201204/t20120410_83658.html 

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(Editor: CHEN Na)



Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering

E-mail: zhangj@nimte.ac.cn

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