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Mariana Trench;Jiaolong;dive

Chinese Submersible Jiaolong Descends to 4,811 Meters in Mariana Trench[May 24, 2017]

China's manned submersible Jiaolong finished a dive in "Challenger Deep" in the Mariana Trench, the world's deepest known trench. Scientists conducted observation, sampling and surveying, and collected seawater, rocks and samples of marine life, including a sea cucumber, a sponge and two starfish. The submersible also photographed the seabed.

satellite navigation system;satellite navigation;Beidou

China to Form Global Satellite Navigation System by 2020[May 24, 2017]

China will launch some 18 Beidou navigation satellites by 2018. By 2020, the Beidou satellites will form a complete global satellite navigation system. The Beidou satellite navigation system will be able to provide services for countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative by 2018.

ocean research;southern hemisphere;climate

China Partner with Australia to Open State of the Art Ocean Research Center in Tasmania[May 24, 2017]

China and Australia have partnered together to open a state of the art ocean research facility in Hobart in Australia's Tasmania state. The Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research is a vital collaboration, in which China's Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology will work alongside Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization to enhance scientific understanding of the globe's future climate.

antarctic capacity;white paper;Antarctic

Antarctic Capacity Will Be Boosted[May 23, 2017]

China published its first white paper on its Antarctic explorations on Monday, pledging to boost its capabilities in the exploration and study of the continent. The paper says China will build a new permanent station and advanced icebreakers, develop aerial capability for survey and transportation, and design scientific apparatuses for the Antarctic environment. However, it does not elaborate on schedules and details.

expedition station;Antarctica;Changcheng station

Construction to Start on China's 5th Expedition Station in Antarctica[May 23, 2017]

China's fifth expedition station in the South Pole is ready to be built, indicating China's steady progress toward becoming a polar research power. Since 1984, when China first set up Changcheng station in Antarctica, three more stations have followed. The latest one is to be located near the Ross Sea.

fire ice;energy source;South China Sea

Breakthrough Fuels Hopes That Fire Ice is Viable Energy Source[May 22, 2017]

On Thursday, the Ministry of Land and Resources announced that China had become the first country to viably extract gas from methane hydrates. This month's successful trial operations in test drilling and production in the South China Sea extracted an average of 16,000 cubic meters of gas per day in the Shenhu area of the South China Sea. This marks a major step toward the commercial use of so-called flammable ice or fire ice, which presents as ice crystals with natural methane gas locked inside.

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