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International

2017 Winners of the Award for International Scientific Cooperation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Jan 15, 2018

David Neely

David Neely is the principal investigator and head of the experimental science division of the Central Laser Facility at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the United Kingdom. He is one of the world’s best known experimental physicists, and has made many outstanding and original contributions to the field of intense laser-matter interaction.

With the nearly 20-year collaboration between Professor Neely and our academy, CAS has made a series of important world-class advances in hot electron transport, proton acceleration and terahertz generation. His team has kindly provided us with a broadband proton spectrometer, a portable soft X-ray spectrometer, a real-time ion detector, and a dual plasma mirror, as well as many advanced techniques and design drawings, all of which have greatly improved our country’s ability to develop advanced experimental diagnostic equipment in high energy density physics and laser fusion, and promoted China’s standing in those fields.

The fruitful cooperation between the two parties has led to many achievements. Among them are the realization of the world's first saturated soft X-ray laser which has had a profound impact on the energy enhancement and stability studies of X-ray lasers, the generation of intense terahertz radiation with world records for pulse energy and laser-ion conversion efficiency, and, using Professor Neely’s approach, a 3-4 orders of magnitude enhancement in laser contrast, to name a few. The achievements have taken our country to a world leading level in the field of laser physics.

Over an extended period of time, Professor Neely has supervised many scientific and technological talents from our academy. By providing them with opportunities to carry out research in world-class laboratories, he has helped our scientific research teams to take leading positions in the world in relevant fields.

Peter G. Brewer

Dr. Peter G. Brewer is a world-famous marine chemist, the former president and CEO of Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), a senior scientist of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI), an honored professor of Stanford University, and the Einstein Visiting Professor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the AGU Maurice Ewing Medal in 2016. Dr. Brewer is an advocate and pioneer of oceanic carbon cycle and ocean acidification. In addition, he is one of the discoverer of the deep-sea hydrothermal system and the proposer of CO2 deep-sea sequestration. He led the research, development, and application of the first deep-sea Raman spectrometer in the world, and continues to steer the world’s marine scientific cruises.

Dr. Brewer has worked closely with CAS for more than 10 years in many of China’s milestone projects, including R/V “Kexue” and ROV “Faxian”, offering the critical help in customization, design, testing, and scientific application that advanced each project to completion. In addition, Dr. Brewer participated in Project WPOS, providing valuable guidance and assistance to many major scientific explorations of deep-sea hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, and seamounts. Moreover, he was a valuable guide and support in the R&D of deep-sea in situ detection and sampling pivotal facilities. He has offered many opportunities for CAS young scientists to join different US deep-sea detection cruises, which helped them become young top-level global talents, and has co-mentored a number of Ph.D. students in China. The cooperation between Dr. Brewer and CAS has greatly accelerated the development in China of deep-sea science and technology equipment systems.

Dr. Brewer has made a landmark contribution to the development of China’s marine sciences.

Yimei Zhu (US)

Yimei Zhu, a tenured scientist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory of United States, world-renowned condensed matter physicist and top expert in electron microscopy, has led the research and development of the world’s first megavolt ultrafast electron microscopy, and made extraordinary contributions to the advancement of electron microscopy and outstanding achievements in the field of strongly correlated electron systems.

Zhu has long worked to promote bilateral science and technology cooperation between China and the US, and made key contributions to boosting exchanges and establishing mutual trust between Chinese and US scientists. Thanks to his influence at the US Department of Energy, he has facilitated the establishment of intergovernmental bilateral cooperation mechanisms in superconductivity and quantum materials, and opened brand new fields of cooperation between CAS and the US Department of Energy.

Under Zhu’s mediation and assistance, CAS succeeded in breaking technological blockage and acquiring China’s first custom-made Lorentz electron microscopy. Zhu also played an active part in the construction of China’s self-developed large-scale advanced electron microscopy platform. Thanks to his direct support and guidance, CAS independently built China’s first world-leading 200-kiloelectron-volt four-dimensional ultrafast electron microscopy, which significantly boosted CAS’ technological capability in this field and marked China’s rapid leapfrog progress in upgrading electron microscopy technology to international advanced levels.

Zhu, one of the backbone members of the CAS’ Lu Jiaxi international innovation team, was involved in the research of lithium battery materials with major breakthroughs at the Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, and provided important support for deepening the understanding of related basic science issues. As an “overseas talent ambassador”, he also actively devoted to CAS’ overseas talent recruitment and made outstanding contributions in this regard. He played a key role in China’s cultivation of talents in electron microscopy.

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